Endometriosis is a gynaecological condition where cells from the endometrium (tissue lining the uterus) are found outside the uterus and in other areas like the ovaries, fallopian tubes, and ovarian ligaments. The tissue begins to grow and thicken and releases blood and inflammatory chemicals during menstruation, which usually results in painful menses.
About 10% of the female population have endometriosis. In the sub-fertile population, it could go up as high as 40% to 50%. In fact, these numbers may be even higher since affected women might not be aware and even if they do experience symptoms, many tend to brush them aside thinking that it is normal.
There are 4 stages of endometriosis. Determining factors include the location, size, number, and depth of the endometrial tissue being implanted.